HISTORY OF ITALY
The history of Italy is perhaps the most important for the development of culture and society of the Mediterranean area and Western culture as a whole.
The country has been host to many human activities in prehistoric times. Then, the Etruscan TALY civilization and the Roman empire, which dominated the Mediterranean for many centuries, came the medieval Humanism and the Renaissance, which helped in the formation of European art and philosophy.
Modern Italy became a state with a significant delay for the other European nations. The conversion occurred on 17 March 1861, when states of the peninsula and the Two Sicilies were united to form the Kingdom of Italy, ruled by Victor Emmanuel II, King of Piedmont and Sardinia.
The Fascist dictatorship of Mussolini took Italy into a disastrous alliance with Nazi Germany and the Empire of Japan, which led to the defeat of Italy after the Second World War. During the course of this war, families from all over Italy, decided to seek a better future in the United States, Argentina, Uruguay. In Argentina and Uruguay there are striking facial features with the residents of southern Italy. On 2 June 1946, a referendum on the monarchy The northern Italian system of government, adopting a new constitution the country on 1 January 1948.
Italy joined NATO and the European Union and thus joined the growing economic and political unification of Western Europe.
Italy's cuisine is varied: the country was unified in 1861, and its cuisines reflect the cultural variety of its regions and the diversity of its history. Italian food is included within the so-called Mediterranean cuisines and is imitated and practiced worldwide. It is quite common to know the cuisine of Italy's most famous dishes are pizza, pasta and risotto, but the truth is that it is a kitchen where coexist abundant aromas and flavors of the Mediterranean. This is a traditional kitchen with a strong character, very sectioned by region, long traditions heiress who has managed to perpetuate the old recipes like today polenta can be eaten at any trattoria in the north.
Rome is a city with many monuments, especially of the Roman Empire, the era of the Caesars. The most symbolic and important of them all is none other than the Coliseum, the largest amphitheaters that were built in the Empire.
The Colosseum was built in the early years of our era, in the gladiators fought him in the eyes of 50,000 Romans enjoyed with the massacre. The Roman Forum, where important issues were discussed was another important places, plus the Pantheon, the Column of Trajan, the Catacombs and the Baths, all monuments whose ruins puedenvisitarhoydía.
From the Renaissance and Baroque buildings and other places have, like Piazza Navona or Piazza del Campidoglio, the artist Michelangelo Fiorentino, one of the most important artists in the history of Italy.
The old town of Rome is another monument in itself, since 1980 is a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. The Vatican, in St. Peter's Square, is another famous monuments of Rome.
The Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore, the Palazzo Pio, St. Paul's Basilica and Plaza of Spain are other places you can not miss in Rome.
The Dome of the Vatican and the Sistine Chapel and St. Peter's Basilica in the Vatican are the most important monuments of this small country within Rome. In the city, the Colosseum, Roman Forum and Trajan's Column are some of the wonders that we can not lose in this city with so much history.
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