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Adverbs / Adjectives / Linking verbs

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Adverbs / Adjectives / Linking verbs

Mensaje  Compilator el Dom Jul 27, 2008 12:05 pm

Adverbs



FORM
[adjective + ly]

There are also irregular adverbs such as "well" and "fast."

USE 1
Adverbs can be used to modify verbs.

Examples:

John walked quickly towards the door.
Sally sat silently waiting for somebody else to speak first.

USE 2
Adverbs can be used to modify adjectives.

Examples:

The redwood tree was impressively tall.
The blouse was outrageously expensive.

USE 3
Adverbs can be used to modify other adverbs.

Examples:

She spoke extremely confidently.
The cheetah ran incredibly quickly.



Adjectives



FORM
There are many different adjective endings including "-ive," "-ous," "-y," "-ful," "-ent" and many others. "Attractive," "envious," "lazy," "beautiful," and "intelligent" are all adjectives.

USE 1
Adjectives can be used to modify nouns.

Examples:

Jack drives a big car.
Sally writes beautiful poems.

USE 2
Adjectives often follow linking verbs (described below).

Examples:

Max is tall.
Sandra seems mad.



Linking Verbs



LIST

to appear
to be
to become
to feel
to get
to go
to grow
to look
to prove
to remain
to seem
to smell
to sound
to stay
to taste
to turn


USE
The linking verbs above are often followed by adjectives instead of adverbs. In such situations, the adjective describes the subject of the sentence rather than the verb. Study the examples below to learn the difference.

Examples:

Mary seemed sad. Correct
Mary seemed sadly. Not Correct
The cake tastes good. Correct
The cake tastes well. Not Correct
The train is slow. Correct
The train is slowly. Not Correct
James grew tired. Correct
Sarah remained calm. Correct
The milk went bad. Correct
The seas turned rough. Correct
The negotiations proved pointless. Correct

IMPORTANT
The verbs in the list above are not always used as linking verbs. Compare the examples below.

Examples:

Sally grew angry.
"Angry" describes Sally. In this sentence, "to grow" is being used as a linking verb meaning "to become."

The plant grew quickly.
"Quickly" does not describe the plant, it describes the manner in which it grows. In this sentence, "to grow" is not being used as a linking verb.

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